Bulgaria is situated in the South-Eastern Europe,
in the middle of the Balkan Peninsula. It borders with Romania/Danube River to its North, with Serbia and Montenegro and Macedonia to its West, with Greece and Turkey to its South and with the Black Sea to its East. The country is an imaginary crossroad between Western Europe, Africa and Asia. Bulgaria’s territory is 110.993,6 square kilometers and its population is about 8 million. Countries like Guatemala, Cuba and the Ohio State have similar territory.
Bulgaria consists of several main regions – Mizia, Dobrudja, Trakia, and Makedonia – and has all four seasons of the year. Bulgaria is a land cultivated since the dawn of the human civilization. Bulgaria is a blessed land between Mediterranean Sea and Russian steppes, between the Alps and Anatolia. Bulgarian climate is mild continental.
To the South it is influenced by the Mediterranean Sea, its North-West is close to the Central Europe climate and the North-East bears a resemblance to the Russian steppes.
Bulgarian landscape provokes spontaneous gratitude to the Creator as it is charmingly diverse – low, middle and high mountains, hills and plateaus, lowlands and valleys, hollows and passes, plains and meadows, bays and beaches. The Rila and the Pirin mountains are of Alps type. The longest mountain is the Stara Planina which divides the country to northern and southern parts. Also called “Balkan”, it gives the name of the whole peninsula. There are multiple rivers but they are not very long, nor high-watered. Lakes near the sea and rivers, mountain lakes and swamps are with modest dimensions but many of them are internationally recognized reserves.
Mineral resources of Bulgaria
have been exploited since the Thracian epoch. Bulgarian soils are fertile and due to them and to the rest of the geographical and climatic conditions, Bulgarian land has been famous since classical antiquity with being blessed for agriculture. Here the vine was cultivated; here is one of the centers in which European agriculture was established. Animal world of Bulgaria is typical for Europe and two “highways” of the European birds of passage cross Bulgarian territory – Via Pontica (along the Black Sea Coast) and Via Aristotelis (along the Struma River). Some of the species in Bulgarian flora and fauna are unique and can not be met anywhere else in the world. Much of Bulgaria is like an open-air museum of Balkan culture, with beautifully decorated churches, fine mosques, wonderfully preserved rustic villages and a great deal of enduring folk.